Easy Tutorials

HOW TO START A BONFIRE

Making a bonfire isn’t as hard as it sounds. You just need space and know the right way to start a bonfire so you don’t hurt yourself or even worse end up starting forest fires. If you are planning your next camping trip, then you need to include all the things you need to start a bonfire. Luckily this article will equip you with how to start a bonfire.

Equipment you need to start a bonfire

Firewood, kindling, and tinder, of course, you need FIRE which you could get very easily if you’re with a Matchbox. TINdERS are usually very light materials that are highly flammable. Examples of tinder are straws, dried grass leaves, pieces of paper, etc.  Kindling is a thicker material than tinders They are easily flammable But burn a little more slowly than tinders. An example of kindling are twigs. the name firewood won’t sound strange. Fire Woods are logs that are about the same length as your forearm. It burns a lot more slowly and lasts for longer periods. The tinder is used to light the kindling and the Kindling is used to light up the firewood.

Before starting a bonfire it is essential to choose a very good location to dig your bonfire pit. The location must be bare ground or one with stones without any dried grass or trees. The space should be about 8 feet and should be cleared of anything that may cause a fire.

Once you’ve cleared up your space you’ll need to start digging. Why? Well, when the center you plan on making the fire is a little lowered the fire would be more controlled.

The next step is to set rocks in a circle around where you’ve dug. These rocks create a boundary between the burning wood and the flammable items.

Now how to set a bonfire

Firstly, lay the Tinder pieces in the center where the bonfire is to be created. NEXT, YOU STACK THE KINDER so they can lean on each other without any external support. The kindling should be stacked in a tepee style and little by little when the kindling stack is stable enough, start adding your firewood slowly still in a tepee style. Little space should be left open in the tepee stack in the direction the wind is blowing so that it would be much easier for air to enter to set up.

Next light the fire. This you can no by using a match or a lighter and igniting the Tinder through the small opening between the stacks.

Bonfire isn’t the same thing as campfires, it’s not meant to stay long. Before making a bonfire anywhere, make sure you have permission to do so. Be very cautious and make sure you’ve put the fire out completely, buried the ash with sand, and felt the site for any heat before leaving.  As you would not want anyone to get hurt or unintentionally start-up forest fires.

ESSENTIAL OILS FOR SLEEP RECIPE

Sleep is very important to our health but as you get older it becomes much harder for you to sleep comfortably as you should. The click of the door, the sound of movement any little noise whatsoever, and you’re up. stress amongst many other factors can affect our sleep pattern immensely. But not being able to stay asleep can cause various effects in a long run. Essential oils are just perfect, cheaper, safer, and more natural as they are made from plants. These oils provide immense health benefits other than being a great stress reliever and a real sleep booster.

Lavender

Lavender essential oils are one of the commonly used and popularly recommended oils that improve relaxation and induces sleep. this organic non-GMO oil is made from lavender shrub and it gives off a floral aroma with hints of pine.

How to use

You can start diffusing the oil early before going to bed. A little goes a long way as the scents can be overpowering. You can rub one or probably 2 drops unto your pillow, or your hands’ feet and your temples.

To create a bed spray you’ll need

2 cups distilled water

10 – 20 drops of lavender essential oil

1 tsp witch hazel.

mix all the ingredients into a spray bottle and shake very well. Spray lightly onto your sheets before turning to bed.

Chamomile

This is also another very common and effective essential oil. Chamomile is a well-known ingredient for its calming effect and sleep-boosting properties. Chamomile is gotten from the chamomile plant and it gives off a soft herbal scent with hints of Apple.

Recipe

To your favorite lotion add the chamomile oil in few drops. And apply in the evening before going to bed.

This oil can also work well in your diffuser as it would help you unwind after a long stressful day

Frankincense

Frankincense has aromatherapeutic properties it relieves stress, aids relaxation, and overall is a great sleep booster. Frankincense is made from the resin of Roswell sacra trees and it gives off the scent of sweet and fruity but with a note of citrus and spice.

Recipe.

Apply a few drops of this oil to your palms, rub them together and inhale before going to bed.

cedarwood

This essential oil is naturally sedative. So if you’re struggling with insomnia this is also like any other a great remedy. The cedarwood essential oil is made from cedar tree bark and it gives hints of balsamic, a slightly smoky and earthy scent.

Recipe

Before going to bed, apply a few drops of this oil directly onto your pillow.

Cedarwood and lavender is a powerful combo you can try for a more effective and relaxing mix. To do this add 3-5 drops of cedarwood oil as well as 3-5 drops of lavender essential oil in your diffuser before turning in for bed.

A smell can affect our senses as it plays a huge role in our minds and our bodies. The fresh smell of roses can reduce blood levels and the smell of the eucalyptus enhances our focus. But not every oil is suitable for topical use or for investing because of the blend and the source. So before using any essential oil make sure to check the use instructions.

How to Tell if Eggs are Bad in These Simple Steps

Eggs are a staple in getting a balanced diet. They are delicate, nutrient-packed and absolutely delicious when made properly. It is, however, essential to know when eggs are fresh, bad eggs are not pleasant even in the least bit, they smell foul and if consumed could cause food poisoning. That is part of the reasons we are going to explore in this article how to Tell if Eggs are bad in some simple steps.

Simple Steps To Tell if Eggs are Bad 

Many people believe that they can simply use their nose to sniff out if an egg is good or bad, this is however not true because the nose could fail you. You could choose to rely on your eyes or checking the best-by date but they are not error-prove ways of knowing how fresh an egg is or if the eggs are Bad.

Because of the effects of consuming a bad egg, it is essential you try these tips. They don’t require much and you don’t need to waste your eggs to know if they are bad yet. These steps are:

  1. The Sinking or Swimming Test: this step is quite popular but still not known by many. As the name implies, it simply involves checking if an egg would sink or swim in the water. To do this you need to pour cold or room temperature water in a cup or bowl put the egg inside of the water. If the egg drops to the bottom of the cup or bowl and lays on its side then the egg is fresh, if the egg sinks to the bottom but stands at the bottom of the cup or bowl then the egg is not so fresh but it is not bad; you could still eat it. If the egg floats then you should dispose of that egg because it is bad and not edible.  How this works is quite simple; it is based on the permeability of the eggshells, because they are semi-permeable air passes through them, once an egg is old it allows for more air to pass through it therefore it floats, fresh eggs don’t allow for so much air to pass through their shell, therefore, they don’t float.
  2. The Shaking Test: this step is quite simple, and effective, though not as effective as the sinking and swimming test. This step involves you holding the egg close to your ear and shaking it, shake it well enough to be sure if you can hear anything swishing inside. If you hear swishing sounds then the egg is most likely bad, the swishing sound indicates watery yolk which most times means the egg has already gone bad. When there is no swishing sound the egg is still fresh.

Sniffing: this test is quite basic, when you crack the egg if it doesn’t smell neutral then the egg is most likely bad. At this point, it is advisable that you toss it.

How to Draw a Cat Step by Step

Anybody can draw!  Do not allow the naysayers to get you down. While the place of talent cannot be downplayed in every artistic venture, a lot also has to be said of the endeavor and enterprise necessary to draw. As the saying goes, where there’s a will, there is a way. In this article, we will teach you how to draw a cat step by step.

Step 1: Study Cats

By this, we mean research into cats so that you understand their anatomy. The truth remains that you cannot draw that which you do not know or cannot describe well. A study of cats entails research into what they look like, their walking and sitting postures.

 

Step 2: Draw a straight vertical line

If you believe that you cannot achieve a straight vertical line freehand, make use of a ruler. This vertical line could be of any reasonable length of your choosing but bear in mind that this line will be used as a base of comparison for other sizes and angles.

 

Step 3: Horizontal marks

Next, mark the top and the base of the vertical line that you have drawn with small horizontal lines. Next, place a mark in the middle of the vertical line and then divide each half into halve again, thereby creating a total of four segments that are equal in length.

 

Step 4: Draw a large Oval

The next step is to draw a large oval (not a circle) shaped almost like an egg to represent the body of the cat. Begin the oval from the second horizontal mark on your vertical line and end the oval in such a way that it is just a bit above the base.

 

Step 5: Draw a Circle

The circle represents the head of the cat. The circle is to begins just below the uppermost horizontal mark and comes to its end just beneath the top of the oval body.

 

Step 6: Draw the Ears

To draw the ears of the cat, proceed to draw two triangles by drawing vertical lines upwards from the side of the circle that can be traced to the second horizontal mark. These vertical lines should stop once there are on par with the top of the initial vertical line in Step 2. Then using freehand or the aid of a ruler, draw a diagonal line from the vertical line you have just drawn upwards and make sure the line meets the circle on both sides- leaving ample space in the middle.

 

Step 7:

Draw four small ovals at the base of the oval that represents the cat’s body to represent its paws

 

Step 8:

Draw four long ovals to represent the cat’s legs. Two of these ovals representing the forelimbs of the cat should be positioned almost at the middle and the lower arc of the cat while the other two representing the hind limbs should be about half the size of the former and should overlap out of the oval a bit.

 

Step 9: Draw the features and erase all the shapes used in the construction

Next, you sketch the shapes of your cat’s nose, eyes, and mouth. The eyes should be positioned on either side of the second horizontal mark and then frame out the nose and mouth. Then, outline the curves face, body and limbs so that you can finally clean off all the construction drawing shapes and leave a pictorial illustration of a cart staring back at you.

 

Of course, as with everything, practice makes perfect.

How to Make Skeleton Costumes

It will soon be that time of the year again when kids in ghoulish costumes parade the streets asking in their cute little voices “trick or treat?” And you know that it’s not Halloween without a Halloween Costume. For parents, it can be a very tasking time as kids come up to you with very different requests about how and what they would like to look like for Halloween. What if your kid asks for a Skeleton Costume? While the latter is a good way to scare the living daylight out of unwary passersby, making it together with your kid could be a good bonding experience. In this article, we will teach you how to make Skeleton Costumes.

Step 1: Get your materials

The materials you need to make a skeleton costume are:

  1. A black long sleeve shirt
  2. A black leggings
  3. White fabric paint
  4. Glow in the dark fabric paint
  5. Iron
  6. Freezer paper
  7. Pencil

 

Step 2: Sketch the bones

Sketch out shapes of bones on the side of the freezer paper made of paper. You do not have to worry about sketching as detailed as Leonardo Da Vinci’s and besides, you could easily source out sketches online. Just try to get a modest gauge of the wearer’s skeleton and where they meet at the joints. You could do this by having them put on the black long sleeve and leggings and marking out these joints.

 

Step 3: Cut out the Bones

With your sketch all done, all you need to do now is cut out the bones from the freezer paper. I nice pair of scissors should do the job just fine.

 

Step 4: Layout the Templates of the Bones

The next step in this guide to making a skeleton costume is to lay out the templates left after the bones are cut out from the freezer paper on the black long sleeve and leggings. Ensure that the plastic end of the freezer paper is the side against the fabric and that all the bones are visible and that there is no part of the freezer paper overlapping onto the bones.

 

Step 5: Ironing 

At this stage, the iron comes into play. Use the iron to press the freezer paper against the clothing. Ensure that it is not so hot that it burns the clothe underneath or renders the plastic that is supposed to affix itself to the clothe ineffective.

 

Step 6: Apply Paint

Your skeleton costume is almost ready. All you need to do now is apply paint with a brush. Your painting technique should be tapped onto the stencil rather than glossing over it.

 

Step 7: Peel Off

Ensure that the paint is dry before gently peeling the paper stencil.

 

Step 8: Glow

Your Skeleton Costume is ready but should you wish it to glow in the dark, you ought to apply the fourth item of our list of materials, that is, the Glow in the dark fabric paint. Apply the glow by tracing over the bones.

 

Conclusion

There! Halloween isn’t even by the corner but thanks to this guide on how to make skeleton costumes, we know that you’re ready.

How to Repot a Peace Lily

brown clay pot on gray concrete

There is nothing more amazing to use in decorating your house or your leaving room than a Peace Lily. This plant adds dimensions to a room and gives it life.

It’s common to find these plants potted in the leaving room of a building and other rooms around the how. That’s why it has become a favorite for home decorations.

But for some reason, you may need to repot the plant and if you need to, what steps can you take? This article will discuss just that.

How to know when a peace plant needs replanting.

A Peace Lily is a very beautiful plant for decorating a home. So if you are interested in planting this plant or you already have a plant, how do you know when it’s time to replant?

If your plant is rootbound, growing out of the pots drainage hole, its easy to know that it’s time to replant.

The whole fact of the plant being rootbound means that the plant is unable to absorb water due to its roots being crowded. And so if the plant can no longer absorb water, then it will be difficult for the plant to stay healthy and fresh.

If that happens, it is now time to replant your Peace Lily. So if your plant has roots that have grown out and are sticking through the drainage, how do you go about repotting?

STEPS FOR REPOTTING A PEACE LILY.

It is now to repot your peace, Lily. What are the steps needed in carrying out this important task?

  • GET ALL THE TOOLS YOU WOULD NEED.

It is a very important task when repotting a peace Lily. But what tools are required in carrying out a safe repotting of a Peace Lily?

  • A new flower pot.
  • Hand gloves.
  • Good soil.
  • Fertilizer.

These are just a few of the needed tools that will help in the safe repotting of this plant. Remember to also get safety tools as well.

  • BIND THE PLANT TO LEAVE.

This is another very interesting step and in my opinion a very important step. It will require you to take a thin wire and tying it loosely around the plant.

This is very important because it prevents the leaves and the plant from being all over the place when it’s time to remove the plant.

  • LOOSEN THE SOIL.

This is another very important step for the safe removal of the plant from its old pot. This step will require you first of all softening the soil by wetting it.

This will make the soil strength weekend allowing you the opportunity to move to the next step. But remember to watch out for roots when loosening the soil so as not to damage the plant.

  • REMOVE PLANT FROM PLANTER.

This is a more gentle step, a step that should be done with great care because the whole life of the peace Lily depends on how gently you carry out this task.

Ensure that you remove the plant from the pot with care so as not to damage the roots.

  • REPOT.

There are a lot of things involved in repotting a peace Lily, but the most important thing to do is to peeper the Soil of the new pot and make sure it has enough nutrients.

This will ensure that the plant regains its freshness, and enjoys life in the new pot.

How to Grow Garlic

garlic bulb and garlic on white surface

Ah yes, you want to grow your Garlic because of one or two reasons. Maybe the person you normally purchase them from at the market has stepped on your toes, or you’re just tired of buying Garlic. Well, whatever the reason is, I’m here to show you ways you can grow Garlic. Come on.

 

Ways you can Grow Garlic. 

  • When looking at the Quantity of Garlic, you want to grow 

The number of plants you want to grow depends on your desire to have out of your crops.

One of the fastest and shortest answers we have to give you is that a single pound one can plant between fifteen to thirty feet depends on the variety of Garlic or the space you give it.

If you want to grow your very own stock of seeds and your eating stock, you should reserve the top thirty percent for your planting harvest. Each garlic pound could produce between fifty to seventy-five garlic heads because each garlic clove could produce ahead.

 

  • When looking at the Location, you want to plant your Garlic 

Because you might want to follow a vegetable rotation, we all know that our Garlic would be ahead of its planting time. This gives one a chance to make sure the beds are well prepared, amended, weeded, and all were working.

There are the things you need to consider. You need to plan way before the date of your planting starts.

For naked-garlic-21, you need first to select your site. Garlic loves weed-free, well-drained, rich soil, which can be found in full sun. Select a spot that has a lot of it run from the beginning of winter all through spring. It might not be easy to grow crops in weedy beds. It would be best to consider all of thee whenever you are looking for a location to grow your Garlic.

 

  • Think about the options you’ve got for mulching 

Things like weed-free hay, compost manure, or aged manure are wonderful for Garlic. You should have a lot of time to figure out the type of mulching options you could use. Don’t procrastinate on this decision, or you might forget and regret it later.

 

  • You need to prepare your site some days before you plant your seeds 

It would be best if you got yourself a great garden bed for your garlic seeds. There are essential for you to have Garlic that would grow properly.

 

My thoughts on Growing Garlic 

Different people have different reasons why they want to grow Garlic. Why, if I had the chance, I would have done it. It takes a lot of determination to do this thought. You need to be willing, and you need to put the effort to grow Garlic. With all of this, I’m sure you would have your beautiful garlic cloves in no time. Trust me. So get your rakes, get your tools and all that has been listed above, carry on, and grow that Garlic. Send some my way after you’re done.

How to Potty Train a Puppy

brown long coated small dog

I am sure you’re tired of having to clean your puppy’s mess whenever they stool around. You don’t have to tell me. I know what time it is. It is time to Potty train that puppy. I’ll show you simple ways you can do this that both you and your ? puppy would be excited about.

 

Ways you can Potty Train Your Puppy 

Have you tried using Crates? 

Crates are one of the fastest ways to potty train your puppy because it acts as a great tool used for training.

A variety of people that have dogs do not like the thought of confining their beautiful puppies to stay in a crate. The level of reluctance used for this tool leaves after you start staying with a new puppy that poops all around. Puppies that make use of crates as tools for potty training make your life easier, you know. It is an awesome idea to get your puppy used to these for a lot of reasons. These reasons include safety, recovery period from an injury, traveling, and visits to the vet.

Puppies are known as animals of the den. They would try to create a canine cave no matter what. Even when you provide a cave for them or not, they would want to make theirs. It would be very simple for you to train your puppy to enjoy the crate given to them.

The general principle behind making use of a crate to house train your dog is that these dogs are creatures that are so clean. These puppies would not like to soak your rug with urine. You must create and make use of a crate that is the size of the puppy. Just enough for the dog to turn around, stand up, and lie down. If you create and give them a large crate, the dog would feel it’s alright to make use of a single corner to poop. They would settle away from the mess they’ve made. Several crates have partitions do you could adjust the size of the crate as your puppy becomes bigger.

Whenever your puppy feels an urge, your puppy would let you know this by scratching and making fussy noises. This is her signal that she needs to go and make a mess. Don’t waste time because if you do, your puppy will mess up their space for living. This way, she would know that she needs to do it outside or in the bathroom when it’s time to make a mess. Then when it is time to relax and do nothing, she can do these in her cute beautiful crate.

So there we have it. Now you know how to Potty Train your puppy. Using crates is just one of the simple ways to do this. The key is to make your puppy know that it’s not cool to poop everywhere and anytime. They should know where I go to whenever they want to poop or make a mess. It is that easy.

How to Tell if You Have the Wrong Type of Strings for Your Acoustic Guitar

grayscale photo of acoustic guitar

How to tell if you have the wrong type of strings for your acoustic guitar

Music is food for the soul, the music that acoustic guitars make is on a whole other level, this is part of the reasons acoustic guitars are so sort after.
A lot of people don’t understand that they need to be specific when it comes to getting new guitar strings for their acoustic guitar. You might think it is difficult but we assure you that it is not as difficult as you might think. When you check for guitar strings around your headstock, you’ll get instructions that would show you how to get the right type of guitar strings.

We are going to provide you with you’d details of how to tell if you have the wrong type of strings for your acoustic guitar.

Do not make these mistakes as you replace your guitar strings

Changing your guitar strings and getting the right one is a simple thing. There are mistakes people make when they want to change the strings of their electric or acoustic guitars.

Easily avoidable and common mistakes include if you don’t get the correct new guitar string.
There are various guides you could use to learn the steps on what it takes when you want to change your guitar strings.

Signs you have wrong guitar strings

If you go for a brand that is inferior. It might damage your guitar. You need to get a string that has the specified gauge just like the one which would fit your guitar.

Vintage guitar gauge definition

Knowing this is the secret to knowing if you have the wrong type of strings for your acoustic guitar or not.

Gauge is the string’s thickness level. If you get the wrong type of strings or use it on a gauge that your guitar has not used before. The possibility of it damaging your guitar is quite high. You should try not using a string that doesn’t have the same gauge definition as your vintage guitar.

If you ever notice whenever that you want to change the abs of your guitar, you should try using heavy strings. This would drag the neck of your guitar, change the action, and before you know it, your guitar would have a brand new very different feel.

If you change it to a higher string, the truss rod that’s on your guitar could end up feeling overcompensated. The action would become lower. It could buzz or rattle whenever you play.

How to Make a Paper Ninja Star Step by Step Instructions

gray shuriken

At some point as a child, everybody must have loved to be a ninja or at least acted or dressed like one for some minutes.

Well, maybe not, but you must have admired the Batman or the samurais, and for sure your most thrilling moment is when they use the ninja star also known as Origami or Shiruken. a

We all would love to use that once or twice, but due to how dangerous that can be, it is not advised. To replace that thrill, we will learn how to make the origami ninja star using paper.

They can also be used for decorative purposes, or even as a piece of jewelry (earrings); they are also perfect to gift your little ones to attach to their costumes during costume days at school or Halloween. Okay, let’s begin.

How to Make a Paper Ninja Star

To create this beauty, you will need two sheets of square paper. The size of the paper will depend on how big you want the ninja star to be. A 3-inch paper can give you a small ninja star, while a 6-inch paper will give you a normal-sized ninja star.

You can as well pick any other size of paper depending on how large you want your paper ninja star to be. The one and only rule is it must be square-shaped. A printer paper or construction paper can be used.

Step 1

Fold both papers in half, then fold them into another half again.

Step 2

Now fold both papers into half horizontally so as to form a crease, then unfold.

Step 3

For the first paper, on the left end, fold the corner in, facing upward. For the right side, fold the corner in and downward.

For the second paper, on the left end, fold the corner in and downward, and for the right end, fold the corner in and upward.

Step 4

Flip both papers over.

Step 5

Fold the bottom and top ends of each piece in.

Step 6

Fold the bottom and top ends of each paper inwards again so as to form a diamond shape. This folding is done to form a crease, so after folding, unfold.

Step 7

Place both pieces over each other, to form a cross.

Step 8

Fold the top point of the vertical piece, then tuck it into the seam of the horizontal piece.

Step 9

Flip the piece over, then tuck the next top point into a free seam, continue flipping and tucking for every loose top point until all points have been completed.

Now you have your perfect paper ninja star. You can make more and more of them in different and beautiful colors, you won’t want to run out of supplies. Although they are paper, you still need to be careful when throwing them at people, as the sharp points and blunt blades can still cause minor injuries upon contact with sensitive areas of the skin.